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Ideas for icons

H

  • rocketfuel
  • hardening fat
  • desulfuring oil (remove S from oil)
  • synthesis of ammonium
  • cryogenic, luminous paints (Tritium)
  • He

  • Zeppelins, Balloons
  • Laser
  • Cooling, for example nuclear power plants - Refrigerant used in cooling
  • for scuba-diving, arc-welding
  • Li

  • Addition to oil for motors etc
  • Space-alloy
  • high quality glass (laboratory-tools)
  • used in Batteries
  • desiccant (hydroxide), in mobile phones (see Ta), air cleaning in spacecrafts (reacts with CO2 to O2), in red firework
  • Be

  • The small parts in clocks and watches
  • High quality tools (where there must never be sparks) - manufacture of light corrosion-resistant alloys
  • Windows of xray-tubes
  • gyroscopes
  • B

  • Moderator in nuclear power plants - retards neutrons
  • - Tennis rackets
  • High-temerature glass
  • Bleaching
  • green firework, washing powder, fishing rods, wood protection
  • C

  • Diamonts - Diamonds
  • Pencils
  • Moderator in nuclear power plants
  • Plastics
  • Wood
  • a fern, fullerene (soccer ball), a chimney sweep. Activated charcoal to absorb toxins and poisons in medicine, 14C for organic matter dating in archeology
  • N

  • Cooling
  • synthesis of ammonium
  • Fertiliser - Fertilizer
  • explosives, beer dispensers, laughing gas
  • O

  • Fire
  • Steel production
  • Sand
  • Water
  • an oxygen mask. Used for welding, oxydation.
  • F

  • Uran-235 synthesis (UF6 is used)
  • Teflon
  • Toothpaste
  • Cooling
  • a fridge. Used for cooling in fridges and air-conditioning.
  • Ne

  • Neon-lamps
  • Spots
  • Laser
  • Na

  • Steetlamps (the yellow on, for example in BeNeLux)
  • Cooling in nuclear power plants
  • Batteries
  • common salt, Soda, glass
  • soap. Desiccant in water-free solvants.
  • Mg

  • Underwater fire
  • Motorparts
  • Camera flash
  • anti-slipping powder on hands (talc used in gymnastics, climbing)
  • used in muscle conductivity (against cramps in the legs for example), extensively used for its laxative proprieties.
  • Al

  • Windows
  • Tubes
  • Foild -Foil
  • Cable
  • Automobils
  • Rockets
  • mirror
  • Main metallic compound in the following gemstones: topaz, corundum (ruby and sapphire), chrysoberyl, spinel, turquoise.
  • Si

  • Electrical circuts
  • Silicon-oil
  • Tools
  • Glass (Glass is SiO2)
  • Sand (sand is also SiO2)
  • computer chip, concrete, bricks, solar cells.
  • Pottery, enamel. Main compound (other than H and O) in the following gemstones: quartz, opal, beryl (aquamarine, emerald, heliodor).
  • P

  • Firework
  • Fertelizer -Fertiliser
  • Toothpaste
  • disinfectant
  • desiccant, In bones and proteins.
  • S

  • Matches
  • Batteries
  • Rubber-production
  • Hair-tightener (if you want to have curly hair)
  • rotten eggs (H2S is the stuff which smells so strongly)
  • car battery, car tyres (vulcanized rubber).
  • Fungicide, fumigant, conservative for dried fruits and wine
  • Cl

  • Bleaching
  • HCl (acid)
  • Water purification (swimmingpool)
  • PVC (plasitc, poly vinyle chlorine)
  • Anti-rust
  • Ar

  • bulbs
  • Laser
  • Geiger-counter (for radioactivity)
  • Protective gas (i18n("Schutzgasschweißen"))
  • K

  • Fertalizer -Fertiliser
  • optical glass (glasses)
  • Matches
  • Black powder
  • Ca

  • Many metals need it in production
  • Cable insulation
  • Fertalizer - Fertiliser
  • Concrete
  • bones
  • Stalactites and stalagmites in caves.
  • Cement, mortar, concrete. Plaster to fix broken bones.
  • Sc (scandium)

  • in alloys used for bycicle-frames and lacrosse sticks. High intensity lights (added to mercury-vapor lamps)
  • Ti (titanium)

  • frames for glasses, medical instruments, hip or knee prothesis, heat protection shield of spacecrafts
  • V (vanadium)

  • with chromium and iron alloy for tools (resists corrosion), magnets
  • Cr (chromium)

  • to harden steel in iron alloys (see above), leather tanning
  • yellow paints. Is part of jewels (emerald and ruby)
  • surface protection against corrosion
  • Mn (manganese)

  • various alloys, oxidation agent (permanganate). In amethyst. Important enzymes in eukaryotic (bacteria and animal) metabolism to prevent toxic effect of oxygen.
  • Fe (iron)

  • tools, cars, etc. Blood (a vampire?)
  • Co (cobalt)

  • blue paint, jet engine, radiotherapy against cancer, vitamine B12, food-irradiation
  • Ni (nickel)

  • small coins, in batteries, in many corrosion-resistant alloys
  • Cu (copper)

  • copper coloured coins, wires
  • Zn, Zinc

  • brass instruments, batteries, white paint
  • Ga

  • Silicate-thermometer
  • information saving (hdd and such)
  • transistor
  • localisation of tumors (cancer)
  • blue LED's, neutrino detection, replaces mercury in thermometers
  • Ge

  • Infrared prisma - infrared prism
  • transidor - Transistor
  • wide-angle objectives (photographie) - photography
  • in night-vision glasses, thermographic cameras, semiconductor
  • As

  • shotgun-bullets (in 'lead shots')
  • The topmost mirror-surface (a mirror would be a good symbol)
  • Diodes
  • Glass
  • Laser
  • pyrotechnics and firework, wafer-coating
  • Se

  • Xeroxmachine
  • Solarpanel
  • Anti-dandruff shampoo
  • Br

  • Teargas
  • Fireprotection
  • Film (photo film)
  • anti-germ stuff (in hospitals and so on) - disinfectant
  • is not used anymore as a disinfectant because of its toxicity. It has been totally replaced by organic Iodine compounds.
  • Kr

  • fluorescent tube
  • Flash-bulbs (for photos and such)
  • Wavelength standard
  • UV-Laser
  • Superman, as many kids can associate it to "kriptonite" :-)
  • Rb

  • Fotocells (solar pannel) - Photocells
  • Heartmuscle-science
  • Vakuum-gastrap - Vacuum
  • atomic clock in satelites
  • Sr

  • Nuclearbatteries
  • beta-rays are created with it
  • bright colours
  • Fireworks
  • the red "phosphor" in CRT colour screens
  • Y (yttrium)

  • red colour in TV-tubes, microwaves (a microwave oven?)
  • Zr (zirconium)

  • "fake" diamonds, in nuclear reactors, bicycle-frames
  • Nb (niobium)

  • antiallergic jewellery, pacemaker, in particle accelerators (CERN)
  • Mo (molybdenum)

  • high temperature lubricant, in alloys for space- and aircraft parts, high-strength steel alloys, red and orange paints
  • Tc (technetium)

  • radioactive tracer in medical test for various organs because of it's short half-life (6 hours)
  • Ru, Ruthenium

  • hardener for platinum, palladium and titan, Parker 51 fountain pen has a ruthenium-hardened nib.
  • Rh, Rhodium

  • used for electrodes, jewellery (protects gold and platinum against corrosion), car catalytic converters, catalyst in many chemical reactions
  • Pd, Palladium

  • jewellery, crowns in dentistry, in watches
  • surgical instruments, to make white gold, in car catalytic converters (replaces the more expensive platinum)
  • Ag, Silver

  • Spoons
  • jewellery, mirror, money
  • Cd, Cadmium

  • nuclear fission barrier, in batteries
  • In

  • Solarpanel
  • Mirrorsurface
  • Fotocells (CCD) - Photocell
  • Transistor
  • Blood- and lung science
  • Sn

  • Emaille (that is that old porcelain-like stuff)
  • Coins
  • Organ-pipe
  • pewter plates or other tableware, tin cans, solder (solded circuits?)
  • Sb

  • Lead-batteries
  • infrared detectors
  • anti-germ medicine (like peniciline)
  • solder, red matches, fire-protection
  • regarding the "anti-germ" use: actually it has no use against bacterias but as an anti-parasitic drug, mainly against shistosoma, a flatworm parasite and leishmania, a flagelate worm.
  • Te

  • For vulcanisation of rubber
  • electrical resistors
  • optical fiber (as chalcogenic glass), has higher refractions than SiO2
  • I (Iodine)

  • Desinfection (medicine) - Disinfectant
  • Halogenlamps
  • Ink-particles
  • Addition to common salt (for cooking)
  • seaweed (smell)
  • Xe (Xenon)

  • UV-Lamp
  • Solarium
  • Projectors (those used in classrooms for example)
  • Car lights, film projectors, stroboscopes, anaesthesia
  • Cs

  • Fotocells
  • gamma-rays
  • atomic clocks
  • Infrared-lamps
  • Ba

  • Sparkplug
  • Vakuum-gastrap
  • Flourencencelamps
  • X-ray diagnosis of the gastro-intestinal tube, green firework
  • benitoite gem stone (blue), high-refraction glass
  • La (lanthanum)

  • flintstone in lighters (mischmetal), in NiMeH batteries
  • Ce (cerium)

  • in mischmetal together with lanthanum or as ferrocerium (flintstone), catalyst in "self-cleaning" oven alloys, glass polishing
  • Pr (praseodymium

  • in mischmetal as flintstone, carbon arc lights
  • Nd (neodymium)

  • strong magnets in microphones, loudspeakers, harddisks, volcano eruption prediction, high energy lasers
  • Pr (promethium)

  • luminous paint. Gauges to mesure thickness and/ord filling levels.
  • Sm (samarium)

  • Carbon arc lights, neutron-absorber, quartz watches, harddisks, headphones
  • Eu (europium

  • red phosphor in fluorescent lamps and CRT monitors, in euro-banknotes as an anti-counterfeiting phosphor.
  • Gd (gadolinium)

  • in CD and RAM manufacturing. Organic compounds of Gd are injected during magnetic resonance imaging as a paramagnetic agent. Could replace F compounds in fridges and airconditioning.
  • Tb (terbium)

  • doping materials in solid-state devices, crystal stabilisator in high-temperature fuel cells
  • Dy (dysprosium)

  • CD manufacturing
  • Ho (holmium)

  • yellow glass colouring
  • Er (erbium

  • pink glass and enamel colouring
  • Tm (thulium)

  • in dosimeters for low-radiation detection
  • Yb (ytterbium)

  • Radiation source for portable X-ray devices, as a difluorite compound in high quality dentistry filings which allows a permanent fluoride protection.
  • Lu (lutetium)

  • szintigraphic crystal for PET-scanning
  • Hf (hafnium)

  • Flash lamps in photography, HfO2 will replace SiO2 in wafers (announcements made by IBM and Intel in January 2007)
  • Ta (tantalum)

  • High melting point alloys, surgical instruments, cranial repair plates, microelectronic devices (in mobilephones), on cameralenses
  • W (tungsten)

  • Darts (the game), electric lamp filament, electron tubes, high melting point alloys, kinetic energy penetrators (anti-tank ammunition), glass-to-metal seals, violin strings, jewellery, etc.
  • Re (rhenium)

  • car catalysts together with platinum, filaments in mass spectrography, fountain pen tips
  • Os (osmium)

  • very hard alloys, fountain pen tips, OsO4 was used to take fingerprints before graphite, phonograph needles, pacemakers (platinum alloy)
  • Ir (iridium)

  • Sparkplugs, crucibles for high temperature use, polymer LED, the platinum-iridium alloy is used for standard weights
  • Pt (platinum)

  • jewellery, wire, bridges in dentistry, catalytic converters in cars, crucibles for glass melting
  • Au (gold)

  • A gold medal, a gold bar, a crown, etc.
  • Use: anti-oxidant thin-layer coating of many materials (good infra-red reflector for satelites, electric connectors), jewellery, decoration, in dentistry
  • Hg, mercury

  • a barometer, a thermometer, calomel electrode, switches
  • Builds alloys with nearly every other metal, in batteries. Cheap rotating parabolic mirrors.
  • Tl

  • Thermometer
  • Infrared-detector
  • Anti-insect-spray
  • Heartmuscle-science
  • rat-poison (old), photo cells, glass lenses in photocopy and fax machines
  • Pb

  • XRay-protection
  • Batteries
  • Colours/Paintings
  • Batteries, ammunition, radiation shields, lead glass, ballast in ships, scubadiving waist belts
  • Bi

  • Catalyses something when producing rubber
  • Safety (electrical circut)
  • Glas - Glass
  • ceramics
  • Stomach disinfection
  • fire detection devices. replaces lead in many ways because of its low toxicity
  • Po

  • nuclear batteries
  • Neutrons-source
  • Antistatic stuff
  • Filmcleaner
  • At (astatine)

  • No use as it is radioactive
  • For treatment of thyroid cancers as it can replace Iodine in the thyroid. Extremly rare on earth.
  • Rn

  • Earthquake prediction
  • In hydrology to examine ground water connection to streams and rivers
  • Fr

  • extremly rare, not handable in solid state as it develops far to much heat capacity.
  • Ra, Radium

  • Neutron source
  • Medical therapy with rays
  • self luminous paints, formerly used in watches to make indicators visible in the dark.
  • Ac (actinium)

  • far to radioactive (more than Plutonium)
  • Th (thorium)

  • on optic lenses to raise refraction index. For uranium233 production.
  • Pa (protactinium)

  • no application because of its rarity and radioactivity
  • U (uranium)

  • main use as fuel in nuclear power plants.Icon could be a cooling tower. High density penetrators for military use.
  • Np (neptunium

  • to produce plutonium in breeders.
  • Pu (plutonium)

  • batteries for spacecrafts (Cassini probe). Nuclear weapons.
  • Am (americium)

  • smoke detectors
  • Cm (curium)

  • alpha-source for the alpha-source X-ray-spectrometer (ASXS) used for chemical analysis on various Mars mission robots.
  • Bk (berkelium)

  • no use
  • Cf (californium)

  • Eventually as a portable neutron source. Has been used to produce element no, 118: ununoctium
  • Author: Carsten Niehaus
    Last update: 2014-07-29

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