Ideas for icons
desulfuring oil (remove S from oil)
synthesis of ammonium
cryogenic, luminous paints (Tritium)
Cooling, for example nuclear power plants - Refrigerant used in cooling
for scuba-diving, arc-welding
Addition to oil for motors etc
high quality glass (laboratory-tools)
used in Batteries
desiccant (hydroxide), in mobile phones (see Ta), air cleaning in spacecrafts (reacts with CO2 to O2), in red firework
The small parts in clocks and watches
High quality tools (where there must never be sparks) - manufacture of light corrosion-resistant alloys
Windows of xray-tubes
Moderator in nuclear power plants - retards neutrons
- Tennis rackets
green firework, washing powder, fishing rods, wood protection
Diamonts - Diamonds
Moderator in nuclear power plants
a fern, fullerene (soccer ball), a chimney sweep. Activated charcoal to absorb toxins and poisons in medicine, 14C for organic matter dating in archeology
synthesis of ammonium
Fertiliser - Fertilizer
explosives, beer dispensers, laughing gas
an oxygen mask. Used for welding, oxydation.
Uran-235 synthesis (UF6 is used)
a fridge. Used for cooling in fridges and air-conditioning.
Steetlamps (the yellow on, for example in BeNeLux)
Cooling in nuclear power plants
common salt, Soda, glass
soap. Desiccant in water-free solvants.
anti-slipping powder on hands (talc used in gymnastics, climbing)
used in muscle conductivity (against cramps in the legs for example), extensively used for its laxative proprieties.
Main metallic compound in the following gemstones: topaz, corundum (ruby and sapphire), chrysoberyl, spinel, turquoise.
Glass (Glass is SiO2)
Sand (sand is also SiO2)
computer chip, concrete, bricks, solar cells.
Pottery, enamel. Main compound (other than H and O) in the following gemstones: quartz, opal, beryl (aquamarine, emerald, heliodor).
desiccant, In bones and proteins.
Hair-tightener (if you want to have curly hair)
rotten eggs (H2S is the stuff which smells so strongly)
car battery, car tyres (vulcanized rubber).
Fungicide, fumigant, conservative for dried fruits and wine
Water purification (swimmingpool)
PVC (plasitc, poly vinyle chlorine)
Geiger-counter (for radioactivity)
Protective gas (i18n("Schutzgasschweißen"))
optical glass (glasses)
Many metals need it in production
Fertalizer - Fertiliser
Stalactites and stalagmites in caves.
Cement, mortar, concrete. Plaster to fix broken bones.
in alloys used for bycicle-frames and lacrosse sticks. High intensity lights (added to mercury-vapor lamps)
frames for glasses, medical instruments, hip or knee prothesis, heat protection shield of spacecrafts
with chromium and iron alloy for tools (resists corrosion), magnets
to harden steel in iron alloys (see above), leather tanning
yellow paints. Is part of jewels (emerald and ruby)
surface protection against corrosion
various alloys, oxidation agent (permanganate). In amethyst. Important enzymes in eukaryotic (bacteria and animal) metabolism to prevent toxic effect of oxygen.
tools, cars, etc. Blood (a vampire?)
blue paint, jet engine, radiotherapy against cancer, vitamine B12, food-irradiation
small coins, in batteries, in many corrosion-resistant alloys
copper coloured coins, wires
brass instruments, batteries, white paint
information saving (hdd and such)
localisation of tumors (cancer)
blue LED's, neutrino detection, replaces mercury in thermometers
Infrared prisma - infrared prism
transidor - Transistor
wide-angle objectives (photographie) - photography
in night-vision glasses, thermographic cameras, semiconductor
shotgun-bullets (in 'lead shots')
The topmost mirror-surface (a mirror would be a good symbol)
pyrotechnics and firework, wafer-coating
Film (photo film)
anti-germ stuff (in hospitals and so on) - disinfectant
is not used anymore as a disinfectant because of its toxicity. It has been totally replaced by organic Iodine compounds.
Flash-bulbs (for photos and such)
Superman, as many kids can associate it to "kriptonite" :-)
Fotocells (solar pannel) - Photocells
Vakuum-gastrap - Vacuum
atomic clock in satelites
beta-rays are created with it
the red "phosphor" in CRT colour screens
red colour in TV-tubes, microwaves (a microwave oven?)
"fake" diamonds, in nuclear reactors, bicycle-frames
antiallergic jewellery, pacemaker, in particle accelerators (CERN)
high temperature lubricant, in alloys for space- and aircraft parts, high-strength steel alloys, red and orange paints
radioactive tracer in medical test for various organs because of it's short half-life (6 hours)
hardener for platinum, palladium and titan, Parker 51 fountain pen has a ruthenium-hardened nib.
used for electrodes, jewellery (protects gold and platinum against corrosion), car catalytic converters, catalyst in many chemical reactions
jewellery, crowns in dentistry, in watches
surgical instruments, to make white gold, in car catalytic converters (replaces the more expensive platinum)
jewellery, mirror, money
nuclear fission barrier, in batteries
Fotocells (CCD) - Photocell
Blood- and lung science
Emaille (that is that old porcelain-like stuff)
pewter plates or other tableware, tin cans, solder (solded circuits?)
anti-germ medicine (like peniciline)
solder, red matches, fire-protection
regarding the "anti-germ" use: actually it has no use against bacterias but as an anti-parasitic drug, mainly against shistosoma, a flatworm parasite and leishmania, a flagelate worm.
For vulcanisation of rubber
optical fiber (as chalcogenic glass), has higher refractions than SiO2
Desinfection (medicine) - Disinfectant
Addition to common salt (for cooking)
Projectors (those used in classrooms for example)
Car lights, film projectors, stroboscopes, anaesthesia
X-ray diagnosis of the gastro-intestinal tube, green firework
benitoite gem stone (blue), high-refraction glass
flintstone in lighters (mischmetal), in NiMeH batteries
in mischmetal together with lanthanum or as ferrocerium (flintstone), catalyst in "self-cleaning" oven alloys, glass polishing
in mischmetal as flintstone, carbon arc lights
strong magnets in microphones, loudspeakers, harddisks, volcano eruption prediction, high energy lasers
luminous paint. Gauges to mesure thickness and/ord filling levels.
Carbon arc lights, neutron-absorber, quartz watches, harddisks, headphones
red phosphor in fluorescent lamps and CRT monitors, in euro-banknotes as an anti-counterfeiting phosphor.
in CD and RAM manufacturing. Organic compounds of Gd are injected during magnetic resonance imaging as a paramagnetic agent. Could replace F compounds in fridges and airconditioning.
doping materials in solid-state devices, crystal stabilisator in high-temperature fuel cells
yellow glass colouring
pink glass and enamel colouring
in dosimeters for low-radiation detection
Radiation source for portable X-ray devices, as a difluorite compound in high quality dentistry filings which allows a permanent fluoride protection.
szintigraphic crystal for PET-scanning
Flash lamps in photography, HfO2 will replace SiO2 in wafers (announcements made by IBM and Intel in January 2007)
High melting point alloys, surgical instruments, cranial repair plates, microelectronic devices (in mobilephones), on cameralenses
Darts (the game), electric lamp filament, electron tubes, high melting point alloys, kinetic energy penetrators (anti-tank ammunition), glass-to-metal seals, violin strings, jewellery, etc.
car catalysts together with platinum, filaments in mass spectrography, fountain pen tips
very hard alloys, fountain pen tips, OsO4 was used to take fingerprints before graphite, phonograph needles, pacemakers (platinum alloy)
Sparkplugs, crucibles for high temperature use, polymer LED, the platinum-iridium alloy is used for standard weights
jewellery, wire, bridges in dentistry, catalytic converters in cars, crucibles for glass melting
A gold medal, a gold bar, a crown, etc.
Use: anti-oxidant thin-layer coating of many materials (good infra-red reflector for satelites, electric connectors), jewellery, decoration, in dentistry
a barometer, a thermometer, calomel electrode, switches
Builds alloys with nearly every other metal, in batteries. Cheap rotating parabolic mirrors.
rat-poison (old), photo cells, glass lenses in photocopy and fax machines
Batteries, ammunition, radiation shields, lead glass, ballast in ships, scubadiving waist belts
Catalyses something when producing rubber
Safety (electrical circut)
Glas - Glass
fire detection devices. replaces lead in many ways because of its low toxicity
No use as it is radioactive
For treatment of thyroid cancers as it can replace Iodine in the thyroid. Extremly rare on earth.
In hydrology to examine ground water connection to streams and rivers
extremly rare, not handable in solid state as it develops far to much heat capacity.
Medical therapy with rays
self luminous paints, formerly used in watches to make indicators visible in the dark.
far to radioactive (more than Plutonium)
on optic lenses to raise refraction index. For uranium233 production.
no application because of its rarity and radioactivity
main use as fuel in nuclear power plants.Icon could be a cooling tower. High density penetrators for military use.
to produce plutonium in breeders.
batteries for spacecrafts (Cassini probe). Nuclear weapons.
alpha-source for the alpha-source X-ray-spectrometer (ASXS) used for chemical analysis on various Mars mission robots.
Eventually as a portable neutron source. Has been used to produce element no, 118: ununoctium
Author: Carsten Niehaus
Last update: 2011-04-29